Although many of us having been fasting most of our lives, there may still be some doubts or uncertainty that we face when fasting. Below are just a few frequently asked questions that we see about Ramadhan. The list is not exhaustive so if yours is not included below, please leave a comment and we will try to provide you with some clarity.
Do I Have To Make My Intention Before Fasting, And If So How?
“Whoever does not commit himself to fasting before dawn (fajr), there is no fast for him.” and in a narration, “There is no fast for the one who did not make the intention to fast from the night.” Abu Dawood.
These haddith refer to obligatory fasts such as Ramadan. The niyyah (intention to fast) must be present before Fajr. So if a person intended to fast before Fajr began, and then he fell asleep and did not awake until daytime, then his fast is correct because his niyyah (intention) was present — and he did not eat or drink or nullify his fast (in another way).
However, if he slept before fajr (i.e. in the night), without an intention to fast, and he did not eat or drink after Fajr (dawn), and then he says, “I will complete my fast and I will not eat or drink.” Then his fast is not correct because he passed a portion of the day without having an intention to fast – and a niyyah cannot be made in retrospect. His fast is not correct. He must withhold from food and drink for the rest of that day and he must make up that day (qadā) after Ramadan.
As for optional (nafl) fasting, then you can make your intention even after Fajr, in the daytime. So if one wakes up and he did not eat or drink after Fajr and then he intends to fast (as a nafl), then his fast is correct. This is due to the hadeeth of A’ishah (radiyallahu ‘anhā) wherein she said, “Allah’s Messenger entered upon me one day and said, ‘Do you have something [for me to eat]?’ We said, ‘No.’ He then said, ‘In that case, I am fasting .’ Sahih Muslim
What If My Period Comes Before Maghrib?
Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ that If the woman encounters menses while fasting then her fasting is negated even if her blood flow occurs a moment before sunset. That is due to the haddith
We passed through this (period of menstruation), and we were ordered to complete (i.e., compensate) the fasts but we were not ordered to complete the prayers” Sahih Muslim.
If it is obligatory fasting, then she must make up for this day once she becomes clean. If on her day of fasting she feels she is about to have her menses but no blood flow actually occurs till after sunset, then her fasting is complete and is not negated in accordance with the right opinion about this matter.
Do I Have To Eat Suhoor?
Your fast will still be accepted, however it is a Sunnah that is strongly recommended.
The Prophet ﷺ said ”Take Sahoor, for in Sahur there is blessing." Sunan an-Nasa’i.
We should try to eat nutritious foods and stay hydrated throughout the night so that our health doesn’t deteriorate during this month of fasting.
What If I Do Not Regularly Pray My Salah - Can I Fast?
Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ said ‘Whomever the prayer is obligatory upon and he intentionally abandons it, rejecting its obligation, then he has disbelieved according to the consensus of the scholars. However such a person should not be ordered to abandon fasting. This is because his fasting will only increase him in goodness and closeness to the religion."
Can I Taste Food While I Am Cooking Or Feeding My Children.
Yes - as long as you do not actually consume it and rinse your mouth out. For many mothers or caregivers who prepare food, or have to taste it before serving to others or before purchasing it becomes necessary to taste the food. Ibn 'Abbaas رضي الله عنه said:
"Nothing is wrong in tasting vinegar or any other thing while one is fasting, as long as that thing does not enter the throat." [Ibn Abi Shaibah and Baihaqee].
How Can I Manage My Medication While Fasting?
Shaikh ‘Uthaimeen said concerning the two types of medication:
“There is a medicine known as capsules which one can use; this breaks the fast because it is a medicine that possesses volume (mass) and enters the stomach. The fasting person should not use it during Ramadhaan except in an essential circumstance. So if he uses it in an essential circumstance, then he would have eaten, he can eat and drink for the rest of his day – and he should make up a day in place of it. If it is assumed that this illness is always ongoing with him then he is like the elderly aged person, upon him is to feed a needy person for each day – and fasting is not obligatory upon him.
The second type; from the medications for asthma is a gas which has nothing in it except air, it opens the arteries so that one can breathe easily. This does not break the fast nor does it invalidate the fast, and it is for the fasting person to use it – and his fast is correct.” (Majmu’ Fataawa 19/210)
Shaikh bin Baaz said regarding inhalers:
“Its ruling is that it is allowed – if one is compelled to that, due to the saying of Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic:
وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ
((Whilst He has indeed explained in detail to you what He has forbidden upon you, except that which you are compelled thereto.)) (Al-An’aam: 119)
Likewise because it does not resemble eating and drinking, so it resembles the extraction of blood for examination and injections which are not for nutrition.” (Al-Mawsoo’ah Al-Baaziyyah fil Masaa-il An-Nisaa-iyyah 2/878)
Eye Drops and Ear Drops
Shaikh bin Baz رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said: “The fasting person does not break his fast due to taking eye and ear drops in that which is more correct from the two statements of the scholars. Yet if he finds the taste of the drops in his throat, then making up (the fast) is a more cautious measure – and it is not obligatory. Since neither of them are openings (passageways) for food and drink."
The Shaykh also mentioned else where “What is correct is that drops and kohl do not break the fast, and the issue has in it some difference between the people of knowledge as to if the taste of the kohl and drops reach the throat. Some of the people of knowledge said: that it breaks it, and what is correct is that it does not break it; because the eye is not an opening. However; whoever makes that up out of caution as well as to exit from any difference then there is no harm, except that what is correct is that it does not break it. Drops in the ear and the eye and kohl in the eye – all of this – then what is correct is that the fasting person does not break his fast because the eye is not an opening.” (See: Fataawa Noorun ‘alad-Darb 3/1241).
SHARE THIS-“One who guides to something good has a reward similar to that of its doer” - ‘Saheeh Muslim’. Follow our instagram for daily Islamic Reminders or leave any comments/questions below. BarakAllahu feekum.